Oaks of the World

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  Quercus x hispanica
Author Lam. 1785 Encycl. (Lamarck), 1(2): 723. , pro. sp.

hispanica Lam. var. a [gibraltarica sub de Gibraltar] Lam. 1785
pseudosuber Santi 1795
pseudosuber Santi var.(?) tlemcenensis A.DC. 1864
pseudosuber Santi var. gibraltarica A.DC. 1864
hispanica Lam. var. gibraltarica Lam. ex A.DC. 1864

tlemcenensis x suber

Local names false Spanish cork-oak;
Growth habit

to 8.5 cm long; semi-evergreen; from oval-lanceolate (most often) to oval-oblong or oval; apex always pointed; margin more or less serrate, but always with regular mucronate teeth; adaxially sparsely stellate pubescent; abaxially tomentose, made of whitish trichomes with 6-11 rays more than 200 microns long; 6-10 vein pairs at an angle of 30-45° with the midrib;


acorn oblong; enclosed 1/3 or 1/2 by cup; cup with free scales (at least near apex), curved backward; bitter;

Bark, twigs and

Hardiness zone, habitat
Miscellaneous -- It is the "true" Q. x hispanica; Q. faginea x Q. suber = Q. x pacensis;

Subspecies and

-- The taxon formerly named Q. x hispanica Lam. 1783, hybrid between Q. cerris and Q. suber must be renamed, following the work of F.M. Vázquez, A. Coombes & al. 2018 ; the new name is Q. x crenata Lam. 1785 : see this word

-- Q. x turneri A.DC (not Willd.) is synonym of Q. x crenata, whereas the species named Q. x turneri Willd. is actually a cultivar (= Quercus 'Turneri') of an artificial hybrid between Q. ilex and Q. robur (see the description here); but for Govaerts & Frodin, 1998, Q. turneri A.DC is synonym of Q. x pseudoturneri C.K.Schneider, while this name is considered everywhere as synonym of the cultivar 'Turneri' !