Oaks of the World

General data Classifications List of species Local names Back to
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  Quercus laurifolia
Author Michx. 1801 Hist. Chênes Amér. 17
Synonyms aquatica var. laurifolia (Michx.) A.DC 1864
hemisphaerica auct. not Bartr.
laurifolia var. obtusa Willd.
laurifolia var. hybrida Michx. 1801
obtusa (Willd.) Ashe1918
obtusa var. obovatifolia Ashe 1922
phellos var. laurifolia (Michx.) Chapman 1860
rhombica Sarg. 1918
Local names laurel oak ; swamp laurel oak ; Darlington oak ;
Range SE Virginia to S Florida and Texas; to 150 m; introduced in Europe in 1786;
Growth habit 18-24 m; dense rounded crown; trunk to 1.2 m in diameter;
Leaves 5-12 x 1-3 cm; falling in winter; oboval to rhomboid-elliptic (diamond-shaped); apex obtuse, with or without apical mucro; base attenuate or cuneate; margin entire or irregularly lobed in apical 1/3; thin, glabrous; shiny green above, paler beneath without axillary tufts; midrib yellow abaxially; petiole hairless, 2-5 mm long;
Flowers in spring; 15 days earlier than the closely related Q.hemisphaerica ;
Fruits acorn 1.2 cm long; nearly globose; singly; cup subsessile, scaly, shallow; brown at maturity; maturing in 2 years;

Bark, twigs and

bark smooth, grey brown, becoming blackish and furrowed; twig slender, dark red; terminal bud dark brown, ovoid, 3-6 cm long, pentagonal in cross-section;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; prefers light, moist soils;
Miscellaneous -- A.Camus : 409;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, section Lobatae, subsection Phellos;
-- Numerous hybrids.

Subspecies and
For some authors, we must distinguish :
Q.obtusata Ashe 1918, nom. illeg., not Humb.& Bonpl.1809
= Q.obtusa (Willd.)Ashe 1918
= Q.rhombica
Sarg. 1918
occurs in different sites, where soils are poorly drained.


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