Oaks of the World

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  Quercus sontraensis
Author Ngoc, Binh & Son 2022
Local names
Range Da Nang City, Son Tra Nature Reserve, Son Tra Peninsula, Central Vietnam; 300-500 m;
Growth habit 12 m tall;

7-12.5 cm X 2.2-3.5; elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate; apex acuminate or sometimes acute; base cuneate; margin regularly and distinctly serrate in apical 1/3 (or less); young leaves densely covered both sides with golden hairs, then glabrous; 9-14 veins pairs, impressed above, prominent beneath, as the midrib, and at an angle or 45-52° with midrib; tertiary veins conspicuous abaxially; petiole 0.8-1.5 cm long, at first with golden curly hairs, then soon glabrous;

Flowers from January to March; male inflorescence 7-9 cm long; female inflorescence 2.5-3.5 cm long, axillary or terminal, erect, with solitary flowers;
Fruits acorn ellipsoid, 2.3-2.6 cm long, 1.7-2 cm wide, densely hairy, apex flattened and hairy; solitary or to 3 together, sessile; cup halfround, 1.2-1.7 cm high, 1.3-2.2 cm wide, enclosing 1/3 of nut; cup with 7-8 concentric rings of scales; rings densely covered both sides with yellowish-brown hairs; ring margin distinctly dentate except the 2 upper ones; basal scar 1.1-1.3 cm wide, slightly convex. stylopodium 1.5 mm long; maturing from September to October;

Bark, twigs and

young twig 1.5-2 mm thick, covered with curly golden hairs; mature twig glabrous, with lenticels; terminal and lateral buds ovoid, 3-5 mm long, 1.5-3 mm wide; budscales imbricate into 3-5 rows, ovate-triangular, pointed, ciliate at margin, with appressed hairs both sides;
Hardiness zone, habitat
Miscellaneous -- Sub-genus Cerris, Section Cyclobalanopsis;
-- Closely related to Q. langbianensis and Q. cambodiensis (both taxa in the" Q. langbianensis-Complex H.T. Biqnh & al. 2018");
-- Differs from Q. cambodiensis in having foliar margins distinctly serrate in apical 1/3, and a cup with all rings (except 2 upper ones) dentate at rim;
-- Differs from Q. langbianensis in having a deeper cup, concentric rings distinctly dentate (except 2 upper ones), a broadly ellipsoidal acorn, a basal scar nearly flat;

-- Critically endangered, as its range aera is only 12 km2

Subspecies and