Oaks of the World

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  Quercus phillyreoides
Author A.Gray 1859 Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts n.s., 6: 406
Synonyms ilex var. phillyreoides(A.Gray) Franch. 1899
lichuanensis Cheng 1950
phillyreoides var. wrightii (Nakai) Menitsky 1973
wrightii Nakai 1924
Local names wu gang li ;
Range South Japan; C China; Korea; 300-1200 m; introduced in Europe in 1861 by R. Oldham  ;
Growth habit 1-3 metres tall usually; may sometimes reach 8 m; multiple trunks;
Leaves 3-6 x 1.5-2.5 cm; evergreen; leathery, thick; apex pointed, base subcordate; margin slightly toothed at apical 1/2 (8-12 pairs of teeth); dark green, convex above; paler, shiny beneath; smooth and hairless on both sides; 8-10 vein pairs; petiole hairy, 3-5 mm long;
Flowers March-April; pistillate inflorescences 1-4 cm;
Fruits acorn 1.2-2.2 cm long, 1.3-1.4 cm in diameter; tomentose towards mucronate apex; enclosed 1/3 to 1/2 by cup; cup 1 cm in diameter, conical, with short, pale, appressed scales; maturing in 1 year;

Bark, twigs and

bark grey, shallowly fissured; twigs slender, grey brown pubescent, glabrescent;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; all types of soils, especially calcareous, rocky ones;
Miscellaneous --- A.Camus : n° 102;
--- Sub-genus Cerris, Section Ilex;
--- Also spelled "phillyraeoides";
--- Only cross-pollinated : to have viable acorns one must have 2 trees;

Subspecies and
--- For Menitsky, Q.fokienensis Nakai 1924 is a subspecies:
= Q.phillyreoides subsp fokienensis (Nakai)Menits. 1973
= Q. phillyreoides var. sinensis Schottky 1912
= Q. myricifolia Hu & Cheng 1951
= Q. singuliflora (Lév.) A.Camus 1935   (A. Camus : n° 132)
= Q. tinfanensis A.Camus 1931
= Q. fooningensis Hu & Cheng 1951
differs from type in having more teeth (12-20 pairs), distributed all along margin.