Oaks of the World

General data Classifications List of species Local names Back to
home page

  Quercus montana
Author Willd. 1805 Sp. Pl. 4: 440
Synonyms Quercus prinus L. 1753 (A.Camus : 191)
carolineana Dippel 1891
monticola Petz. & Kirchn.1864
prinus var. monticola Michx. 1801
prinus var. palustris Michx. 1801
Local names mountain chestnut oak ; rock chestnut oak ;
Range S and E USA; to 1500 m; introduced in Europe (Great-Britain) in 1688;
Growth habit 20-30 m; crown narrow, bole straight;
Leaves 10-20 x 5-10 cm; oboval to elliptic; apex acuminate; base cuneate or rounded; 9-14 pairs of triangular lobes, smaller near apex; pale green, with tufts of trichoma adaxially; a little glaucous, with scattered hairs abaxially; dark red at fall; 10-14 vein pairs; petiole thin, yellow, 2-3 cm long;
Flowers late spring;
Fruits acorn 2 cm long, ovoid; dark brown; 1 to 3 together; cup sessile or shortly stalked, with small, grey green scales, enclosing 1/3 of nut;

Bark, twigs and

bark dark grey, almost black, deeply furrowed; twig light brown, hairless, thick, with numerous lenticels; buds light brown, ovoid, hairless or nearly so, 4-6 cm long, sometimes pointed;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; withstands poor, dry, rocky soils;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 191, named Q.prinus L.;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, Section Quercus, Series Albae;
-- The name Q.prinus has been used for an other species (Quercus michauxii), so it is preferable to name this species Q.montana Willdenow, in order to avoid any confusion.

Subspecies and
--- Q.prinus var. acuminata Michx
= Q.acuminata Sarg.
= Q.muehlenbergii (voir cette fiche)