Oaks of the World

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  Quercus laevis
Author Walt. 1788 Fl. Carol. 234
Synonyms catesbaei Michx. 1803
catesbaei f. rappii (Trel) A.Camus 1939
laevis f. rappii Trel. 1924
Local names turquey oak ; Catesby's oak ; turquey-foot oak ;
Range SE USA
Growth habit 6-12 m; crown spreading, rounded, open, irregular;
Leaves 7-20 x 3-15 cm; thick; apex pointed, base cuneate; 3-5(-7) lobes each side, sometimes toothed, central lobe usually with 3 teeth; deep sinuses; yellowish green above, pale beneath with rusty hairs along veins; prominent veins; petiole 0.5-2 cm, glabrous, twisted;
Flowers male on 8-10 cm long catkins;
Fruits acorn 2-2.5 cm long; brown; short peduncle; cup shallow covering 1/3 of nut, with dark tawny scales; maturing in 2 years;

Bark, twigs and

bark blackish or bluish-grey, furrowed, thick; twig dark red brown with greyish dots; terminal bud pale brown, conical, pubescent, 5-12 mm long;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardiness zone 7-8; prefers dry, sandy soils; slow growing;
Miscellaneous -- A.Camus : 418;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, section Lobatae, subsection Phellos;
-- Hybridizes with several species, among them : Q.nigra (= x
walterana), Q.falcata (= x blufftonensis), Q.laurifolia (= x mellichampii), and Q.incana (= x asheana);

Subspecies and