Oaks of the World

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  Quercus frainetto
Author Ten.1813 Fl. Napol. 1(Suppl. 2): lxxii
Synonyms apennina Loisel 1819, not appenina Lam.1785
byzantina Borbas 1887
conferta Kitoibel 1814
farnetto Tenore 1819
hungarica Hubeny 1830
pannonica Endl. 1848
spectabilis Kit. ex Simonk. 1883
strigosa Wierzb. ex Rochel 1838
Local names Hungarian oak;
Range South Italy; Hungary; The Balkans; South of the Black Sea;  200-1000 m;
Growth habit 25-30 m; rounded crown; stout trunk reaching 2 m in diameter;
Leaves 10-25 x 8-15 cm; crowded at the tip of twigs; oboval, more or less oblong; base auricled, apex rounded (with often 3 small lobes); deeply cut, with 7-10 lobes each side, most of them lobulate; lustrous dark green, slightly rough above (some sessile, fasciculate trichomes, sometimes solitary and bulbous ones); greyish tomentose, soft beneath (tufts of stipitate fasciculate trichomes, with some solitary and simple uniseriate ones); 6-9 pairs of lateral veins, few tertiary ones; petiole hairy, 0.2-0.8 cm long, hairy;
Flowers male flowers on 5-8 cm catkins, drooping, golden brown; in June;
Fruits acorn 2 cm; enclosed 1/3 to 1/2 by cup; cup with short stalk, and broad, appressed, pubescent scales; maturing in 1 year;

Bark, twigs and

bark furrowed, light grey; twig pale brown green, slightly pubescent; bud ovoid 1 cm long, crimson at first, becoming pale grey brown;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy; all types of soils; fast growing;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 126 ;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, section Quercus, Series Roburoid;
-- Fairly rare;

Subspecies and
-- f. platyphylla Gavioli 1935
leaves leathery, clustered at the top of shoot, broad and short, less tomentose beneath than the type, with margin less deeply cut, lobes broad and rounded; acorn in clusters of 2 to 8 or more; perhaps a hybrid with
South Italy