Oaks of the World

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  Quercus faginea
Author Lam. 1783 Encycl. 1: 725
Synonyms

aegilopifolia Pers. 1807
lusitanica var. baetica Webb 1838
baetica (Webb) Villar 1838
faginea var. baetica (Webb) Samp. 1910
alpestris Boiss. 1838
lusitanica Lam. var. alpestris (Boiss.) Cout.1888
lusitanica Lam. var. salicifolia (Cout.) C.Vicioso1950
faginea Lam. subsp. alpestris (Boiss.) Maire 1961
faginea Lam. var. alpestris (Boiss.) F.M. Vzquez, M. Gut. & S. Ramos 2010
australis Link 1831
castellana Bosc 1807
cookii Loudon 1838
quexigo Cook ex Willk. & Lange 1862
lusitanica Webb. 1838 non Lam. nec Boiss.
lusitanica subsp. faginea (Lam.) A.DC 1864
lusitanica f. bullata Cout. 1888
lusitanica f. salicifolia Cout. 1888
faginea var. oscensis P.Monts 1988
faginea Sampaio 1785
pseudosuber Desf. 1799
lusitanica var. broteroi Coutinho 1888
faginea subsp. broteroi (Cout.) A.Camus 1939
broteroi (Cout.) Rivas-Martinez & Senz 1991
x villariana A.Camus 1939
x clementei C.Vicioso 1950
gaditana Vzquez & al.2014
x rosa-pinti Vila-Viosa & al. 2014

Local names roure de fulla petita (Catalonia) ; quejigo ; roble carrasqueño ; portuguese oak;
Range Spain; Portugal; the Baleares; Algeria; Morocco; 800 to 1900 m;
Growth habit 10-15 m; sometimes a shrub; crown broad;
Leaves 4 x 1,5 cm; leathery; semi-evergreen; oval to oblong-elliptic; variable in shape; base cordate or rounded; apex obtuse; margin often wavy and revolute; 8-12 vein pairs, straight and parallel, ending in triangular, regular, acute, mucronate teeth; bright green above, with at first a short, stellate pubescence, becoming hairless; densely yellowish-grey tomentose beneath with small stellate hairs (120-150µ long rays); some intercalary veins ; petiole hairy 0,5-1,4 cm;
Flowers March-April; male catkins in clusters of 4-5; female catkins on short peduncle;
Fruits acorn cylindrical, 2.5 cm long, 1.3 cm wide, light yellow; singly or paires on a peduncle very short; enclosed 1/4 to 1/5 by cup; cup half-round, with oval or triangular, slightly lanceolate, convex, hairy scales; maturing in 1 year;

Bark, twigs and
buds

bark thick, furrowed, scaly, sometimes corky, grey or brown; twig grey or whitish, pubescent at first, becoming glabrous; bud ovoid tomentose;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy (zone 7); prefers moist, calcareous soils; often bears galls;
Miscellaneous -- A. Camus : n° 152, t. 2, p.172;
-- Sub-genus Quercus, Section Quercus, Series Roburoid;

-- The specific name "lusitanica" must be avoided: it is too much ambiguous because applied to several species:
1/ Q. lusitanica Webb and auctores = Q.faginea Lam.
2/ Q. lusitanica Boiss. = Q. infectoria Oliv.
3/ Q. lusitanica Lam. = Q. fruticosa Brot.


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