Oaks of the World

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  Quercus cocciferoides
Author Hand.-Mazz. 1925 Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 62: 128 1925.
Synonyms cocciferoides var. taliensis (A. Camus) Y.C.Hsu & H.Wei Jen 1976
taliensis A.Camus 1932 (Camus = n° 129 Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat. II, 4: 122 1932. )
Local names tie xiang li
Range South China (Yunnan, Sichuan), 1400-3000 m ;
Growth habit 15 m and more; often bushy; low-branched;
Leaves 3-6 x 1-3 cm; semi-evergreen; subleathery, chartaceous; subelliptic or oblong-lanceolate to oblong; apex pointed or obtuse; base narrowly rounded or cuneate, often asymmetrically; margin apically 3/4 toothed; glabrous above except on midrib; glabrous abaxially except some fascicled hairs near base; young leaves pubescent; 6-10 vein pairs slightly raised on both sides; tertiary veins evident beneath; petiole briefly tomentose 5-8 mm;
Flowers from April to June; male catkin 4-5 cm long, hairy; female inflorescence 1 cm, 2-3 flowered; style almost null, stigmas very short, thick;
Fruits acorn subglobose, 1,2-1,3 cm across; mucronate, silky, stongly adherent to half-round cup; solitary on a very short peduncle; cup covering 1/2 or more of nut, with not appressed scales; ripen the first year;

Bark, twigs and

young shoots pubescent, becoming blackish, glabrescent, with lenticels; bud small, ovoid, obtuse, with puberulent scales; stipules 7-8 mm long, linear, ciliate at top;
Hardiness zone, habitat hardy zone 8-9; prefers dry, calcareous soils and mountain slopes; also in dry valleys;

-- A. Camus : tome 2, p. 16, n° 133;
-- Sub-genus Cerris, Section Ilex;


Subspecies and

-- For Govaerts & Frodin, there are 2 varieties : cocciferoides and taliensis; for Menitsky and for Flora of China, these 2 names are synonyms.

-- Q.yiwuensis Huang ex Y.C.Hsu & H.Wei Jen 1976 (Acta Phytotax. Sin. 14(2): 85) is probably a hybrid with Q.aquifolioides, in Yunnan; small tree no more than 10 m tall, with cup scales longer than those of Q.cocciferoides, also more pointed and reflected.